Hello, everyone!! Shibasaki here! It’s time for another session of super basics. How’s everyone doing? It’s summer in Japan and very hot. But I’ll bear up under the hot weather! Today’s theme is… Today’s theme is the back-run technique. Back run is another type of the wet-in-wet technique that we’ve learned. I personally think they are the same techniques. But the method and consequence are different. This is another very interesting technique. Why don’t we actually try? Please look at the paper. Like I said, back run is a type of wet-in-wet. Wet-in-wet requires color of a low density, if you remember. Over a low-density color… …place a color of a high density. That’s the method of the technique. Wet-in-wet utilizes the way the high-density color bleeds into the low-density color. That’s the basic method of wet-in-wet. The back run also utilizes the density of colors, and is applied before the colors become dry. However, the method is different. For this technique, the color of a high density is placed on the paper first. And then the color of a low density is placed over it. So the method is taken in an opposite way. This is quite interesting as well. Why don’t we just try? First let me rinse this dirty brush. A paintbrush is knocked against the bottom of the water container to rinse. First a color of a high density needs to be used. What color? I know I always end up using blue, but why don’t I use blue again? It’s not that I love blue, but it shows clearly. So a color of a high density is painted first as opposed to later. Plenty of it. Plenty as always. This is the key. Thick and plenty. Take a lot with the brush and bring it over the paper. Bring it over…for flat wash. Don’t let it accumulate. Don’t over-apply pressure. Bring the color over… …and spread. Is this enough? Yes, it’s good! Remove excess color. Flat wash must be mastered first. Well, now is the time. See how flat wash is done? Now is the time. Now I’ll apply a color of a lower density over this area. What is the color of the lowest density? Yes, it’s water. Water, because it contains no paint, which determines the density. First rinse this brush. Ready? With water? Take some water and bring it over. Where should I put it? A different timing of placing water creates a different consequence. That’s why this is so interesting. Then why don’t we try putting the water in the center? Ready? Can you see anything? See? Well? Should I use a lot more water? See? How it’s gradually changing? I’ll use a lot more water… …right here. See how it’s gradually spreading? Take a look at this as well. This is so exciting. See? Well… This is something only clear watercolor paint can do. This is called back run. See how it’s different from the other technique? This is also called “cauliflower”, but it does look like a cauliflower doesn’t it? So this is back run. I did it so that it would be easy to understand. But you can apply the technique more boldly. It’ll make a more dramatic and beautiful consequence. I’ll show you… in this area. What color should I use? First the paint has to be thick. Thick… Thick…and plenty. And apply it. I’ll make it thicker. Then paint it swiftly…or quickly. I believe you all have mastered flat wash. Flat wash… should be completed quickly. Then rinse the brush… …and prepare a color of a low density. I’ll use yellow and dissolve the paint thinly. See? How it’s turned out? You can also splash the color. Just drop it over the area. You may also use water. Isn’t it pretty? See? It’s fantastic. What do you think? This is the back-run technique. Different colors… Just try… You can try anything. Oops! Maybe this color is not good. Maybe I’ll use a different color. The color has to be of a high density. I actually use the color of the paper usually. Spread the color… …densely, densely, and densely. And remove the color if it’s too much. I’ll just use more of this high-density color. Just apply thickly… Then a complementary color… Is to be dissolved thinly. See? Isn’t it fun? Any color will do… …as long as it’s of a low density. Like yellow. See anything is possible with different combinations of colors. Timing is also a key. You may also add a darker color where the original color has bled. Here for example. You can add a darker color because the original color has bled and it’s no longer green. The addition of a new color… …makes the color look even more beautiful. You can do this where the original color is gone. Here you can add more yellow for more bleeding. See, one after another… …to create different results. You’ll find this interesting if you try. This is back run. First use a color of a high density and apply that of a low density over it. A different level of dryness of the area will create a different result. See here this was made when the area was still wet. If it’s a little dryer, the resulting shape is a little more visible. You should try lots of different methods of when and what step should be processed. You’ll find a different consequence each time. See how it’s gradually spreading into a lighter color because its density is low. It’s so interesting. In this type the color spreads in a lighter color, but in the other type it becomes darker. This is the regular wet-in-wet, and this is back run. Well, what did you think? So these techniques both utilize water and color… …but density is the key. When to use the color of a high density determines whether it’s wet-in-wet or back run. How these techniques are used is of course up to you. These techniques show the possibilities and fun effects of watercolor. I definitely recommend trying them. If you find this back-run technique interesting, please leave a comment and subscribe to my channel if you haven’t done so. Thank you again for watching until the end. See you next time!