[Eng sub] #21 How to use a flat brush | Watercolor painting tutorial for beginners


The flat brush! Hello, everyone! Shibasaki here! It’s time for another session of super basics. Today ’s theme is… Today I’m going to discuss the flat paintbrush. One of my enthusiastic viewers commented, “You somehow seem to be using a flat brush…” I’m impressed that some viewers watch my videos carefully. That’s correct! Yes, I sometime use this flat brush for painting. But I’ve kept suggesting using this #20 round brush all this time. I know it’s not fair. Telling you to use this #20 round brush while I’m using a flat brush? It’s natural for you to have such a question. Today I’m going to discuss the round brush again, and also the usage and advantages of the flat brush. I’ve suggested using a round brush because many of you have a lot of thin brushes… …and it doesn’t seem to me very efficient if you want to paint watercolor spontaneously. I wanted to encourage everyone to limit painting tools to a thick round brush, and master the use of it. That’s why I’m showing various ways of expression that you can create with a round brush. A round brush can be used for the expression that a flat brush can create. However… Although a round brush is very efficient…, …it’s still not convenient enough for a flat wash on a large-size painting surface for example. Some people want to paint on a large surface, you know. Some people are working on large pieces like #20 and #30. In these cases, the flat brush is very effective. Flat brushes have various more types than these. Well… Sizes vary and so do materials. I don’t know what these are made of but it seems to be animal fur. This is nylon. Each has its own advantages. Today I’ll discuss how efficient this big flat brush is and how it can be used. A big flat brush is very good for flat-washing a large painting surface. I usually use #6 surfaces for paintings to show you, but use a flat brush for the background or large areas. So the question was probably from someone who saw that. Now I’d like to use this flat brush for flat wash. I’ll start by dissolving color in the usual way. Take a lot of water and bring it over to the palette as usual. If you use a big brush, you can bring over a lot of water at a time. Can I use blue again? I feel I should… There’s so much water here. Don’t directly bring such a big flat brush to the color. The color will get flooded. Make sure to remove excess water first and then take color. Even more so if it’s a big brush. Well, take your time. Try not to rush. When it’s ready, let’s start painting. Take a lot of paint first. If you remember I dropped some paint on the surface when I showed flat wash. It was because it was a round brush. The flat brush is relatively wider and thinner and can be used directly for flat wash. Like this. I’m painting with the brush gently without adding too much pressure. With too much pressure, the brush leaves too much paint on or takes paint off the surface. Just gently. And you know it’s important to avoid accumulation of paint for flat wash. Vertically or horizontally… try to go gently. Take more paint and apply gently. Gently and gently. Control the amount of paint and use the brush gently to remove excess paint. Try not to let the paint accumulate. Just gently. Because the brush is capable of absorbing lots of paint, the paint can easily accumulate on the paper. When it’s done, just leave it… …untouched. Flat wash is very easy with a flat brush. In addition, because this brush is wide and soft… See how the brush tip retains its shape when it’s pushed back? It’s so soft that gradation is relatively easy with this brush. For gradation, we need paint with a darker tone. Dissolve more color to do so. This is very interesting as well. Take some paint with the brush. The surface is already wet enough. Remove excess paint to control the amount if the brush has taken too much. Start painting from this side… …as you ease the tension in the hand. It should be painted this way. You may first feel worried about the ends of the strokes… …but it’ll gradually bleed into gradation. Don’t be too nervous or try to redo it. Just remove the accumulated paint as we always do… …to avoid accumulation. See how the boundaries are becoming blurred? Excess paint should be removed. This way you can paint a large area. This is the great advantage of a flat brush. Now let me rinse the brush… …and take excess moisture out of it. Remove some paint from the already-painted surface. You can do such a thing easily with a large brush. This is another idea. For painting such a large area like this, a round brush is not a bad tool… …but you can’t help using a number of strokes with it. To avoid that, we’ve stood the surface to let the paint run for gradation and flat wash. But with a flat brush, you don’t need to do that. You can just paint with the brush for flat wash, gradation, and other methods. The key to successful watercolor painting is to add the next layer before the previous layer gets dry. It depends on the day’s weather or other conditions, but the surface can get dry unexpectedly quickly. To avoid such situations, a big flat brush makes it easy to apply paint to a large area quickly. Well what do you think? I still think the #20 round brush is essential and that it’s important to master using it. As supplement, a flat brush is efficient if you want to paint a large surface at once. What did you think? If you’ve found it interesting, please leave a comment and subscribe to my channel if you haven’t already. Thank you very much for watching until the end.

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