How to Draw Using 1-Point Perspective: Narrated Step by Step

Hi, Tom here welcome to this week’s
Circle Line Art School video: How to Draw using one-Point Perspective, in this
video I’ll show you one way to draw a road, a railway track and some houses, all in 1-point perspective, the first step is to draw a horizontal line for the horizon,
in the middle of your page, in one-point perspective the two sides of a straight
road will look like they meet somewhere on this horizon line, the point where
they meet is called the vanishing point, so we can draw a cross for the vanishing
point here on the left, from this vanishing point we need to draw two
straight lines to the bottom of the page, this will look a bit like a triangle
this will be a triangle, but it represents also a road going to the
horizon, in this drawing all the lines that are parallel to this first road
will go exactly towards this single vanishing point, but we can also draw
another vanishing point, on the right-hand side of this drawing, again
draw two lines from this vanishing point to the base of the page, now we can make this second triangle
into a railway line going into the distance, into its own vanishing point, so
although this is one-point perspective, we have, in a way, two drawings in one, so
one point perspective on the left hand side and then another one point
perspective on the right hand side of the paper, we can add three more lines to
each of the diagonal lines on the train track, so three of these lines are for
the metal, the steel line of the actual track itself and then the outside line
is a guideline for the railroad ties, the sleepers of the train track, so we
need an outside line on each side of the railroad track, next we can draw a series
of horizontal lines for the railroad ties, using the two outer diagonal lines
as guidelines, also making the lines closer together, these horizontal lines,
making them closer together as they go way towards the horizon, I’m drawing
these horizontal lines in sort of pairs of lines, so the railroad ties, or
sleepers, need to go under the lines of the steel rail tracks, the diagonal
lines going to the vanishing point, so the railroad ties are the horizontal
lines and then the steel rail tracks are the diagonal lines going to the
vanishing point, now for each of these horizontal pairs of lines we can draw as
short vertical line, sort of at the end of each of the lower pairs of lines and
then we can join these little vertical lines up, with a new horizontal line,
again, going underneath the diagonal lines, which go to the vanishing point and this
will be for the edge for the thickness of the railroad ties themselves, next we
can shade in these sides, so that each of the ties or sleepers has a dark side to
its base, now shade on the left-hand side of the steel track
and then on the left hand side, those cast shadows, the shadow coming off the
steel track, will sort of be higher on the ties or sleepers and lower on the
spaces in between the sleepers, now we can erase the outer guidelines of the
railroad ties, as we no longer need them, now in the middle of this drawing we can
draw a house in one point perspective, first draw a rectangle for the side of
the house and then a simple triangle for the roof, we can erase the horizontal line inside
the rectangle, we no longer need that, next we need to choose just one of our
vanishing points, as this is a drawing in one point perspective, so I will choose
the vanishing point on the left, so this house will be parallel to the left hand
road and all of the diagonal lines for the side of the house will only go to
the vanishing point on the left hand side, so this house is in one point
perspective, the same 1-point perspective as the road, next, choose how far back you want the
house to go and then we can draw a vertical line, at that point, we can now
copy the front diagonal line of the roof to redraw this line, as the back of the
roof, using the same angle as we have on the front, now we could add a simple
extension to this house, first of all just draw a vertical line
on the left, next we need to find out where this vertical line can be on the
right, the sort of right hand side, to do that just draw the back line of the
house and then we can add a diagonal line from the vanishing point, going to
the right hand corner of the house, next, where these two lines meet, at this point
we can draw a vertical line going up and this will be the corner of the house
extension on the right, next we can draw a triangle for the roof and then, if we read the lines across to
the vanishing point, the vanishing point that we’re using on the left, we just need to add a back line here, a vertical line for the back of this
building… then we can draw another separate
building, in exactly the same way as the first… I think I’ll add a taller building in
the distance here too… next we can erase some of the guideline
longer need, be careful not to erase guidelines that you
do need, just to raise the guidelines that you don’t need! now, on the left-hand side of this drawing, again we’re using only the left-hand
vanishing point for this one-point perspective drawing on the left-hand
side of the paper, so all of these buildings, the verticals
of all of these buildings, will be straight lines, vertical straight lines,
but the diagonals will all go to the single one point, the single vanishing
point for this side of the drawing… because all of these buildings are
parallel to the road and the road uses this one single vanishing point,
once you have completed some simple buildings on the left-hand side we could
draw a pavement edge from the left-hand vanishing point to the middle of the
drawing and then make a little short vertical line for the corner of the
pavement, now, next we can repeat this and draw the thickness of the pavement going
to the right vanishing point, I think in this drawing, this will be the only shape
this pavement shape will be the only shape that uses both the left and the
right vanishing points, the rest of the drawing will either use the left
vanishing point or the right vanishing point, never the both together, next we
can draw some more rectangles for more buildings on the right-hand side of the
drawing, now all of these must use only the right vanishing point, the single
one-point vanishing point on the right, as they’re all in one point perspective
but the one point are all the parallel lines which are parallel to the railway
track that we drew at the beginning of the drawing… so now on the far right we can draws
some more simple buildings using our technique of one-point perspective to
make this two-dimensional drawing look more three-dimensional, more 3D, next we can add some details to our
drawing, if you divide the horizontal line into even parts on the left here, on
this building, we can then draw lines from these marks to the vanishing points
on the left and then in that way we create some floors for the building,
a vanishing point is essential for perspective drawing, it is the point that
is at the height of the eye of the viewer of the image, so in this drawing,
which is just some made-up imaginary buildings and roads, we’re looking at it
from a certain height and that height is the height of the horizon, the first line
that we drew in this drawing, now all the tops of the doors, if they
are going away from us on a diagonal, all the tops of doors will be all along one
diagonal line and that’s the way that you find out how high each door is, as
it goes away from you, you just draw a diagonal line from the top of the front
door, the nearest door to us, all the way to the vanishing point and then any
other doors that you want to draw will go up to this diagonal line, next we could draw a signpost in the middle of our drawing,
the sign of the signpost could be parallel to either the left or the right
vanishing point, I think I’ll choose the left vanishing point and this means at
the top and the bottom parts of the sign need to go diagonally straight to the
vanishing point on the left, next we could draw a dustbin or a garbage can,
just an ellipse, a squash circle on its base and then vertical sides and then
another series of ellipses for the lids of the garbage can, we could draw some
elliptical bands around the dustbin or garbage can too,
now we could add a thickness to the pavement edge, the pavement edge is the
one thing that’s in two point perspective, so it needs to be going to
the left vanishing point and also to the right vanishing point,
next on the left we could draw a crossing, a zebra crossing, that is two
horizontal lines and then we can divide that, we can divide these two horizontal
lines into a series of segments and each of these segments lines goes towards our
single vanishing point, we could add some small poles and wires
in this drawing, some aerials and radio masts, things like that… we could also add some electrical wires
along the railway too… again in perspective the tops of the
wires will be a line that goes directly to the vanishing point, a diagonal line
leads to the vanishing point, then they will be in one point perspective, I think
I’ll make this building here a little bit taller, so it goes above the wires
I’ve just drawn, for this drawing, because of the shading on
the railway track is on the left-hand side, I’ll keep that continuity and shade the building’s in on their left hand side
too, for this drawing I’m using 4B pencil, any soft dark pencil will do well… I think I’ll shade these squares on the
left and this door on this building on the left too, along here we can add some diagonal blending, graded blending, sort of going
from dark to light and then dark again, just by changing the pressure of the
amount of pressure that you put on the pencil, in a drawing like this, I think often you
can keep finding small new areas where you can add little bits of detail, it’s
always a balance to not do too much detail and not too little detail, it’s
just a personal preference of finding things that you think will be
interesting to draw, but also will help the overall drawing, so you’re looking at
details, but also you’re thinking about how those details will relate to the
overall image, to make it so that it’s an interesting drawing to look at and when
you look at parts of the drawing, your eyes sort of led to other parts in the
drawing, so it becomes a drawing that’s interesting to look at, because of the
connections within the drawing, sort of the connections embedded within the
drawing, now all of these buildings and objects
will have cast shadows, that is shadows that aren’t on the object, but they are
thrown from the object by the light source, now in this drawing the light
source is on the right, so all the cast shadows will go towards the left hand
side, I’ll start by drawing some faint outlines of where these cast shadows
will go towards the left and then we can fill in these shadows,
basically, with, probably, best to do quite a flat tone, so a tone that’s quite
even, as shading that’s quite even it doesn’t sort of modulate between light
and dark, it stays quite flat, so anyway we’ll just block in some cast shadows… I think I will add a few more details, just a few finishing touches to this drawing, the edge of the pavement, where we’re
looking both right and left at the same time, so if you look at the pavement,
you’re sort of, you can see it going left and see it going right, but if you look
at the buildings, either they’re going to the right vanishing point, in one
point perspective, or they’re going to the left vanishing point in one point
perspective, so really it’s two drawings in one! if you find this drawing useful for your
own drawings please subscribe to my youtube channel: Circle Line Art School and stay up to date with all the drawing videos that I make, I make a new drawing each
week, thank you very much for watching keep drawing and see you next time!

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