La mer dans la peinture


The sea in painting Feminine in essence, water is a source of
all life, but each of its states conceals his own symbolism. So is the sea a maternal symbol
in most ancient myths where his depths are likened to the uterus
of the earth. But these same depths are also considered
as mysterious or even dangerous, and the sea can give life as much as take it back. Are not we talking about waves of joy and
waves of sadness? “The sea is your mirror,” wrote Baudelaire
in the Flowers of Evil. You contemplate your soul in the unfolding
infinite of his blade, and your mind is not a less bitter pit … ” I would not want to ignore representations
in antiquity, especially in the ancient Greeks where they are numerous,
nor even in the Middle Ages with the Tapestry from Bayeux, but it’s again Pieter
Bruegel the Elder who laid the groundwork for allowed this art to develop. Look at her Naval Battle, she made
Dutch masters of the genre for near two centuries. Some talented painters will do some
effect their specialty, such as Bakhuizen or the Van de Velde father and son, but there
has in many Dutch marines a kind of satisfied prosperity that can
annoy. We must once again appeal to the visionary
Jacob van Ruisdael for that crack the facade and revolts with all its might
a nature determined to repel intrusions mercantile of the man. To the omnipotent Dutch navies, one
may ultimately prefer the Marines Scandinavians, very influenced by the first
but who have found their own style, it is true inherited from Ruisdael, less turned
to self-satisfaction and self-congratulation financial than towards the invitation to travel
and discovering different worlds, whatever the risks and consequences
pecuniary. In a similar spirit, it should not be
forget the German painters, Russian or still Americans, like Andreas Achenbach,
which fed his sensibility by frequent trips to the Netherlands and Scandinavia, or
Ivan Aivazovsky, who sailed for two years in Crimea on different ships of
the Russian Navy and then painted from memory, with the help of sketches, paintings that
breathed Turner. To celebrate the universality of the theme
from the sea, I privileged painters discrete, but it was hard not to
quote Friedrich, so I chose from you show this North Sea that I love, rather
than the immortal Sea of ​​Ice. Another German painter, Hermann Eschke,
specialized in the marines, flirted with romanticism, realism and fantasy
without ever meeting the glory of his compatriot. Let’s not forget John Constable, who
only had the trouble to be confronted to a genius, William Turner. For once, let’s give him the scoop, his
Coastal landscape is a marvel of grace and sensitivity. But it is true that his rival had placed
the bar particularly high even a late canvas and little known as Rockets
and blue lights bubbling with this excess soul that made the fortune of romanticism. Under our country, the body of painters
of the Navy, created under the Monarchy of July, counted among its ranks artists
of great talent, like Marin-Marie, who served in the Arctic on the “Why not?” Commander Charcot. Also emerge around 1840 painters
anxious to restore the latent conflict between ancestral way of life and industrial revolution. These painted the peasant and the sailor
sinner. Until the end of the 19th century, the navy
was considered a genre in its own right and an essential entity of painting
Traditional. Nowadays, with rare exceptions,
she is no more than a compartment a little faded from landscape painting and is no longer
exercised only by mainly figurative painters, who encounter some difficulties in the
to subsist. But do not doubt it, the good days will return,
because tidal movement is one of those miracles with great show that we can not
never get tired. “The sea,” wrote Paul Valéry in his cemetery
sailor, the sea, always restarted … ”

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