The sahel climate zone

Intro Between the vast Sahara desert and the
dense foliage of the African rainforest is a band of tropical semi – arid grassland . Is
a region Known as the Sahel , this landscape is one of Africa ‘ s most productive crop
regions . With a climate similar to the Sahara but less
extreme.It has high temperatures throughout the year(100-150mm) and 600mm,concentrated
during the summer months Problems
This region has continuous droughts but unfortunately no one knows when do they come and go since
there wasn’t any data recorded throughout its history
The droughts their are very long not a week a month or even a year but decades
Moreover the rainfall has been below average since 1970 due to climate change
As a result more than a million are at risk since these people depend on their crops and
animals to make a living.Due to the fact that the crops in the Sahel are grown close to
their limits of tolerance , and rely on natural rainfall . This means that even small changes
to the amount of rain can have disastrous effects . There is no vegetation to protect the soil,
which is then removed by flash floods and strong wind. This leads to soil erosion. Finally the desert spreads towards the surrounding
areas(desertification).As a result crops and animals die.And because there is a high population
food shortages happen.So people farm intensively in order to grow more
crops, the soil becomes dry and infertile. If this process continues for a long time,
no crops can be grown. This is called overcultivation. People keep many animals for food. However, the grass cannot support so many
grazing animals. This is called overgrazing.Trees are cut down(deforestation).Leading
to more areas getting desertificated Solutions Water management
Birth control Organisations
Replantation New ways
Climate change Fun facts Arabic meaning Sahel shore ساحِل Long longer than the entire United States
width at over 5,400 80% of Acacia gum (acacia trees) is grown
their which is One of The most important component of many things including some paint and printmaking,
cosmetics, pharmaceutical drugs, adhesive, many hard or gummy candies, and most importantly,
soda The Sahel region has had continuous droughts
for 12000 years.There was a drastic drought from 1967-1974 and more recently in 2010,
putting over a million at risk for famine. There was even a 250 year drought from 1400-1750
AD disrupting life and trade routes for centuries.

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